Luyện Nghe VOA - Britain Votes to Leave EU, Cameron to Resign

Britain Votes to Leave EU, Cameron to Resign

Britain’s (1)__________________ the European Union prompted Prime Minister David Cameron to resign and markets to fall around the world.
Final results in Thursday’s (2)________________ referendum gave the “Leave” campaign 52 percent, while “Remain” took 48 percent. (3)__________________ was reported high across Britain, even with heavy rain falling in many areas.
The outcome (4)_________________ Britain and across the world since recent opinion polls showed a growing lead for “Remain.”
UK Independent Party Leader Nigel Farage was the most (5)_______________ in the anti-EU movement. He said the “Leave” win was “our independence day.” He called the results “(6)________________, a victory for ordinary people, a victory for decent people.”
The close vote showed (7)___________________ Britons are on issues of immigration and sovereignty that became the focus of the “Leave” campaign.
Cameron: Britain needs “fresh leadership”
Prime Minister Cameron addressed that (8)________________ the official residence at 10 Downing Street Friday morning.
“The British people have made a very clear decision to take a (9)____________________, and as such, I think the country requires (10)_______________ to take it in this direction.” The Conservative Party prime minister said he planned to leave office by October.
Cameron campaigned for continued EU membership. He said an exit would lead to (11)___________________ for Britain’s economy and national security.
The “Leave” campaign focused on what it views as (12)________________ to Britain. It argued that Britain cannot (13)__________________ the number of immigrants because of current EU rules.
The movement believes the Brussels-based EU imposes (14)_________________ in Britain. It also argued that EU leaders are not accountable to the British government or its citizens.
British media reported the (15)_________________ to replace Cameron is former London mayor Boris Johnson. He is a Conservative member who served as leader of the “Leave” campaign.
On Friday, Johnson (16)________________ Cameron for showing “bravery” for calling the referendum. “I think that the electorate (17)_______________________ and answered as honestly as they can.”
He added: “This does not mean the United Kingdom will be any way (18)__________________ (or) any less European. We cannot turn our backs on Europe, we are part of Europe.”
Top EU leaders said in a statement that Britain will (19)___________________ a member until its exit negotiations are completed, probably in about two years.
European leaders react
European Parliament President Martin Schulz told ITV News he (20)___________________ Britian’s decision to leave the EU. But he added: “We must respect that and not speak (21)______________ because we are well prepared.” Schulz said the parliament will hold an (22)____________________ Tuesday to look at next steps
Britain’s European neighbors also (23)_________________ at the results and some called for changes in the EU to prevent other countries from leaving.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel warned Europe not to draw any “quick and simple (24)___________________” that might create more division.
French President Francois Hollande said, “To move forward, Europe cannot act as before.” In Italy, Foreign Minister Paolo Gentiloni said Britain’s decision should be seen as a “(25)___________________” call to the rest of the EU.
(26)_________________ the decision to quit the EU after four decades means Britain faces many uncertainties and will have to start building (27)______________________ with the rest of Europe.
World markets plunge
The British vote caused turmoil in (28)_________________ around the world. Stocks went down in Europe, Asia and the United States. The British pound also (29)____________________ lowest level since 1985.
Bank of England Governor Mark Carney said there would be “a period of (30)______________________” after the result. But he added that Britain had planned for the possibility and is “(31)__________________.” He said there would not be any immediate change in the way people travel or how goods and services can be sold.
The rise of the right
In other EU countries, political parties that favor (32)________________ were quick to congratulate Britain. Many also called for holding (33)__________________ in their own countries.
The leader of France’s far-right National Front party, Marine Le Pen, called the vote a (34)_________________. She said she believes a similar referendum in France is a “democratic necessity.”
Le Pen also said she plans to meet with other (35)________________ in the European Parliament soon to discuss their next moves after Britain’s decision.
Dutch anti-immigration leader Geert Wilders called for a referendum on EU membership in the Netherlands. Wilders is (36)_________________ in opinion polls in the race for (37)________________ to be held next March.
“It is time for a new start, (38)__________________ our own strength and sovereignty. Also in the Netherlands,” he said.
The leader of Italy’s anti-immigration Northern League tweeted: “Hurrah for (39)____________________ of free citizens! Heart, brain and pride defeated lies, threats and blackmail.”
In Germany, Beatrix von Storch of Germany’s rightwing populist party AfD, (40)_________________ “Independence Day for Great Britain.” She said the EU “has failed as a political union.”
I’m Bryan Lynn.
Bryan Lynn wrote this story for Learning English based on reporting from VOAnews.com, with additional reports from the Associated Press and Reuters. Hai Do was the editor.
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Words in This Story

referendum – n. a vote of a single political question
ordinary – adj. normal or commonplace
sovereignty – n. complete power to govern a country
accountable – adj. required to be responsible for something
compliment – v. to congratulate or praise
regret – v. to feel sad or disappointed
turmoil – n. state of confusion or disorder
uncertainty – n. the state of being unsure about something
liberty – n. state or condition of people who are able to act and speak freely
courage – n. the ability to do something difficult or dangerous
blackmail – n. the use of threats or manipulation to force someone to do something
populist – n. a member of a political party seeking to represent the interests of ordinary people

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