Luyện Nghe VOA: UN Seeks New Secretary-General

UN Seeks New Secretary-General

The Secretary-General of the U.N. has always been chosen in (1)_________________. But for the first time in its 70-year history, part of the selection process is (2)_______________.
At least eight countries have (3)__________________________ for the position.
Several candidates are women, including Irina Bukova of Bulgaria, Susana Malcorra of Argentina and Helen Clark from New Zealand.
All member states were (4)____________________ the candidates questions during two hour-long meetings last week in the U.N. General Assembly. The candidates were also asked some of the 1,000 questions written by people on (5)__________________.
They were asked questions about (6)___________________, how they would improve efforts to create peace and how they would protect (7)______________________.
The U.N. Security Council will (8)__________________________’ backgrounds. Then the 15 members will mark ballots secretly until one person is chosen.
The (9)________________________ Assembly will then vote on whether to accept the choice.
Britain, China, France, Russia and the United States are the five (10)_________________ of the Security Council. Experts say they are likely to have (11)_________________ on who will be the new secretary-general than the 10 non-permanent nations on the council.
The Security Council will begin to discuss who (12)__________________ the next secretary-general in July. A new secretary-general may not be confirmed until as late as November.
The U.N. has a (13)______________________ its new leader from a part of the world different from its current leader.
U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon is from Asia. The previous U.N. chief was Kofi Annan, who was from Africa.
Dan Thomas is a (14)________________ for the president of the General Assembly. He says there (15)________________ that says where a new secretary-general must come from. But most observers say the new U.N. chief will not be from Asia or Africa.
Ban took office in January, 2007. His first term ended in December, 2011. He (16)__________________ to a second, five-year term, which ends at the end of this year.
U.N. chiefs can be (17)_______________ for an unlimited number of terms. But no one has ever served more than two terms. Annan served for two terms. Before him, Boutros-Boutros Ghali served for just one term because the United States vetoed a second term.
(18)____________________ want the new U.N. chief to be from their part of the world. Six countries from the region have nominated candidates:Bulgaria, Croatia, Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro and Slovenia, and seven of the nine candidates are from Eastern Europe. None of the U.N.’s eight leaders has been from Russia or Eastern Europe.
A group of 56 countries says the next U.N. chief (19)___________________. There have been eight U.N. chiefs. None of them was a woman.
The U.N. says the secretary-general is “equal parts diplomat and advocate,civil servant and CEO.”
Some experts say it is not clear if the (20)___________________ a good manager or a strong leader. Some diplomats say a strong leader is needed because of the unrest in many parts of the world. This includes the (21)_________________ of civilians since World War II, the growing threat of (22)__________________________ and the effects of climate change.
I’m Mario Ritter.
VOA United Nations Correspondent Margaret Besheer reported this story.Christopher Jones-Cruise adapted her report for Learning English. Thestory also includes information from the Associated Press. Hai Do was theeditor.
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Words in This Story

background – n. the experiences, knowledge, education, etc., in a person’spast
region – n. a part of a country, of the world, etc., that is different orseparate from other parts in some way
advocate – n. a person who argues for or supports a cause or policy

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