Luyện Nghe VOA - North Korea Says It Has Small Nuclear Weapon

North Korea Says It Has Small Nuclear Weapon

North Korean leader Kim Jong Un said Wednesday his country has developed (1)___________________ of a size small enough for a ballistic missile.
This is the first time the North Korean leader has made (2)____________.
The state Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) reported Wednesday that Kim met with nuclear (3)______________________. It said they discussed "research (4)__________ to tip various types of tactical and strategic ballistic missiles with nuclear warheads."
The agency also (5)_________________ that appeared to show the North Korean leader visiting a factory where the warheads were made.
The authenticity of the photos could not be (6)_____________________. A number of military experts have said they question the North Korean claim.
U.S. military leaders have said in the past that North Korea has the (7)______________________ and technology to develop a small nuclear device. However, the country has yet to (8)____________________ ability.
The claim comes as North Korea faces intense (9)____________________ because of its recent nuclear and missile tests.
North Korea’s (10)___________________, or lack of it, has only increased the pressure. Last week, North Korea answered new (11)_________________ sanctions by firing projectiles into the sea. Kim also threatened to (12)____________ a nuclear strike against South Korea and the United States.
History of confrontational words
Brian Myers studies North Korean propaganda. He wrote the 2010 book, “The Cleanest Race: How North Koreans See Themselves and Why it Matters.”
He said the North’s confrontational (13)______________________ go back to the country’s founder, Kim Il Sung. He (14)__________________ with the help of the Soviet Union at the end of World War II.
​Myers is an (15)______________________ of International Studies at Dongseo University in South Korea. He said North Korea (16)__________________ and warlike language as a way to get the U.S. government to react.
"This rhetoric is the North's way of saying to Washington, ‘You guys better keep us on the front burner because we are just as ready to fight and die as (17)________________ in the Middle East are.’”
In recent years, North Korea's language (18)__________________ and more bellicose. Myers says that is partly because more (19)______________________ is entering the North.
"In the old days, the regime could make very (20)_________________ to the outside world and make very bellicose (21)_________________ in what I call megaphone propaganda, the sort of thing that North Koreans get in their farms and factories.
But now, as more and more North Koreans access (22)_________________ of information, as you just said, the regime is under (23)______________ pressure to speak in one voice. And that means making much the same warlike and often racist noises in (24)___________________ that it has always made on the home front."
Myers says North Korea's warlike statements are (25)_________________ a sense of national pride. Outside the country, they are designed to increase (26)__________________ in South Korea and other countries.
This use of language may be (27)___________________. However, Myers believes this rhetoric reflects the uncompromising position of the North Korean leadership.
"Those are (28)________________, who are genuinely outraged by the presence of American troops in South Korea, who remain (29)_______________ to reunifying the peninsula. And this is the problem with (30)__________________ everywhere, is that it's very difficult for them to put themselves in the shoes of other nations, (31)_________________, and has great difficulty presenting itself in a sophisticated way to them.”
I’m Mario Ritter.
VOA’s Brian Padden in Seoul reported on this story for VOANews.com. Mario Ritter adapted it for Learning English. George Grow was the editor.
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Words in This Story

ballistic missile – n. a missile designed to travel long distances to deliver explosives
projectile – n. something launched as a weapon
confrontational adj. challenging or opposing someone in a strong or threatening way
bellicoseadj. warlike, ready to argue or fight
regime – n. a system of government
authenticity – n. the quality of being truthful
pride – n. a feeling of self-respect, a feeling of importance

rhetoric n. language used to influence people
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