Luyện Nghe VOA - Researchers: Link Between Zika Virus and Birth Defects


Researchers: Link Between Zika Virus and Birth Defects
Researchers in Slovenia say they have found (1)_______________ of a link between the Zika virus and an increase in some (2)_____________.
They (3)_________________ this week in the New England Journal of Medicine. The Journal also published a report from a group of American (4)_________________ that supports the Slovenian research.
The researchers studied a woman who was (5)____________ the Zika virus. She had an (6)________________ after an examination showed the fetus had severe health problems.
They said the mother and members of her family (7)______________ the health problems found in the fetus. And the researchers believe that (8)___________________ members of her family had been infected with any other viruses that cause health problems in fetuses.
When the researchers examined (9)__________________ they found the Zika virus. And they found that it had only attacked the brain. They believe this is (10)__________________ that the virus causes birth defects. But they said more study must be done to confirm their beliefs.
People infected with the Zika virus (11)__________________,rash, joint and muscle pain and red eyes. It is not a severe illness. But because of (12)_________________ to birth defects, experts believe it is a great danger to pregnant women.
The World Health Organization (WHO) said the virus could be linked to 4,000 (13)__________________ in Brazil of microcephaly, a condition in which babies are born with very small heads. It causes (14)___________________.
In February, the WHO said the virus is a global health emergency. And it (15)____________________ Zika could infect as many as 4 million people across the Americas this year.
The (16)__________________ more money and other help would be given to fight the virus. But the health agency did not say there should be (17)______________ travel or trade in areas where the virus is present.
Some health experts say pregnant women, or women (18)_______________, should not travel to Brazil. The 2016 Summer Olympics are (19)___________________ the South American country.
This week, U.S. public health officials (20)_________________ workers must kill the mosquitoes that carry the virus if its (21)_______________ is to be stopped. They said the mosquito that (22)_________________ lives in parts of the southern United States and on the island of Puerto Rico. They said those areas are at (23)________________ an outbreak of the virus.
No (24)___________________________ for the Zika virus exists. But drug companies in India, Japan and France are working to develop possible vaccines.
I’m Christopher Jones-Cruise.
VOANews.com reported this story from Washington. Christopher Jones-Cruise adapted it into VOA Learning English. Hai Do was the editor.
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Words in This Story

infect – v. to cause (someone or something) to become sick or affected bydisease
abortion – n. a medical procedure used to end a pregnancy and cause thedeath of the fetus
outbreak – n. a sudden start or increase of fighting or disease

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